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Jennifer A. Spencer, MSc, PhD

Dr. Jenni Spencer, Instructor in Immunology, received her PhD from the Medical University of Southern Africa in 1996, where she characterized the immune system and viral infections of cheetahs and lions. 


Research Interests

My research interests are centered mainly around investigating cell mediated immune responses to infectious diseases with an emphasis on parasite infections.  I enjoy working on all vertebrate species, especially non-domestic species.  I also have a strong interest in clinical immunology, evaluating immune systems in animals where primary or secondary immunodeficiencies are suspected.

Selected Publications

Spencer JA, Higginbotham, MJ, & Blagburn, BL.  2003.   Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in captive and free-ranging nondomestic felids in the United States.  Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 34:246-249.

Spencer JA, Smith BF, Guarino AJ, Blagburn BL, & Baker HJ.   2004. The use of CpG as an adjuvant to Toxoplasma gondii vaccination. Parasitology Research 92: 313-316.

Munson L, Marker L, Dubovi E, Spencer JA, Evermann JF & O’Brien SJ.   2004.  Serosurvey of viral infections in free-ranging Namibian cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40: 23-31.

Spencer JA, Ellison SE, Guarino AJ, & Blagburn BL.  2004.  Cell-mediated immune responses in horses with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. Journal of Parasitology 90:428-430.

Spencer JA, Joiner KS, Hilton CD, Dubey JP, Toivio-Kinnucan M, Minc JK, & Blagburn BL.  2004.   Disseminated toxoplasmosis in a captive ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).   Journal of Parasitology 90:904-906.  

Blagburn BL, Spencer JA, Billeter SA, Drazenovitch NL, Butler JM, Land TM, Dykstra CC, Newton JC, Stafford KC, Pough MB, Levy SA, & Bledsoe DL.  2004.  A combination of imidacloprid and permethrin (K9 Advantix) prevents transmission of Anaplasma phagocytophilum (syn. Ehrlichia equi, E. phagocytophila, HGE agent) from naturally infected ticks (Ixodes scapularis) to dogs. Veterinary Therapeutics 5:212-217.

Billeter SA, Spencer JA, Chobotar B, & Blagburn BL.  2005.  Ponazuril inhibits development of Eimeria vermiformis in experimentally infected outbred Swiss mice.   Parasitology Research 95: 172-175.

Spencer JA, Deinnocentes P, Moyana EM, Guarino AJ,  Ellison SE,  Bird RC, & Blagburn BL.  2005.   Cytokine gene expression in response to SnSAG1 in horses with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis.    Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 12: 644-646.

Spencer JA, Higginbotham MJ, Guarino AJ, & Blagburn BL.   2005.   Neospora caninum:  adoptive transfer of immune lymphocytes precipitates disease in BALB/c mice.   Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 106: 329-333.

Stockdale HD, West GS,   Hankes T, McMillan KL, Whitley M, Spencer JA, Dykstra CC, &. Blagburn BL. 2006.   Feline Trichomoniasis:  An emerging disease?  Compendium on Continuing Education June :463-471.

Billeter SA, Spencer JA, Griffin B, Dykstra CC,   Blagburn BL. 2007.  Prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in domestic felines in the United States. Veterinary Parasitology 147: 194-198.

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